In a large study analysis, published on Lancet ", the conclusion is that there is no amount of alcohol is good/safe: “Alcohol use and burden for 195 countries and territories, 1990–2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016”
One may remember Dr. Robert Lustig famous presentation on sugar where he unequivocally and repeatedly stated that fructose (as well as sugar) is a poison. It is a poison/toxin because there is no safe level of sugar consumption.
This new publication does not use the word poison to describe alcohol, but the conclusion is all the same. Alcohol has no safe consumption level. Any benefit from “moderate” alcohol consumption is outweighed by adverse effects.
“We too found some protective effects for Type 2 diabetes and ischemic heart disease at low levels of alcohol consumption,” she [Gakidou] said. “But those benefits are outweighed by the overall adverse health impact of alcohol, even at moderate levels.”
University of Cambridge epidemiologist Steven Bell co-authored a separate study published in April in The Lancet that found drinking is beneficial in lowering the risk for heart attack. However, that study’s big takeaway was that even one drink a day could shorten life expectancy; long-term reduction in alcohol use added one to two years to life expectancy at age 40.
““What has been underappreciated, what’s surprising, is that no amount of drinking is good for you,” said Emmanuela Gakidou, a professor of global health at the University of Washington and the senior author of the report.”